# Utility scripts¶

Ocellaris comes with utility scripts for automating common tasks in the scripts directory.

## orun.py - Run Ocellaris on a HPC with automatic restarts¶

For running Ocellaris on a cluster. MPI solvers can be fragile and sometimes will hang for no apparent reason. If you run your simulations with orun.py and make sure to write restart files every once in a while then orun will monitor your output and kill and restart the simulation if it appears to have stopped.

An example SLURM job script using orun.py:

#!/bin/bash

#SBATCH --job-name=Ocellaris+FEniCS
#SBATCH --account=XXXXXXXXX
#SBATCH --output="slurm-%j.STDOUT"
#SBATCH --error="slurm-%j.STDERR"

# Resource requests:
#SBATCH --time=3-00:00:00
#SBATCH --mem-per-cpu=3936

# Abel cluster specific
set -o errexit
source /cluster/bin/jobsetup
module purge
module add ${HOME}/modules/fenics-2018-07-16 # Add Ocellaris to Python's search path odir=${HOME}/src/Ocellaris
export PYTHONPATH=${odir}:$PYTHONPATH

# Run Ocellaris
python3 ${odir}/scripts/orun.py ocellaris.inp --silent --timeout 1600  This requires some output settings in the Ocellaris input files: output: # ... normal output settings # Restart friendly output settings stdout_enabled: yes flush_interval: 60 # (seconds, default 5) hdf5_write_interval: 50 # adjust to write every ten minutes or so hdf5_only_store_latest: yes # to save disk space  The orun.py script has more options, but when running under SLURM some of them are not needed as they are picked up from the environment. $ python3 orun.py --help
usage: orun [-h] [--ncpus NCPU] [--interval INTERVAL] [--pystuck]
[--timeout TIMEOUT] [--restarts RESTARTS] [--silent]
[--mpirun MPIRUN]
input_file

Start an Ocellaris simulation with a "babysitter" that watches the stdout
stream and kills the simulation if no output is produced over an extended
period of time (default 10 minutes / 600 seconds). If the simulation writes
restart files at regular intervals then the babysitter can be made to restart
the simulation from the latest restart file a number of times (default 2
restarts of the same file). The reason for this babysitter is that there are
difficult to debug problems (probably in PETSc) that causes the simulation to
be stuck at 100% CPU utilisation. No backtrace is available on Ctrl+C / SIGINT
which would be the case if there was a infinite loop in the Python code, so
most likely the error exists in a C extension.

positional arguments:
input_file            Name of inputfile on YAML format

optional arguments:
-h, --help            show this help message and exit
--ncpus NCPU, -n NCPU
Number of MPI processes. Not used when running under
--interval INTERVAL, -i INTERVAL
Output interval in seconds (default: 10)
--pystuck             Enable pystuck on the root MPI rank. Most likely will
not work since most hangs happen in C++ code (default:
False)
--timeout TIMEOUT, -t TIMEOUT
Output timeout in seconds. After this period of
inactivity the simulation is killed (default: 600)
--restarts RESTARTS, -r RESTARTS
Number of restarts of the same file (input or restart
file). Every time the simulation writes a new
savepoint the counter is reset (default: 2)
--silent, -s          Do not relay stdout from Ocellaris (default: False)
--mpirun MPIRUN       The mpirun executable (default: mpirun)


You could argue that finding the root cause of any PETSc MPI hangs would be better than this hack to work around the problem, but I do not have time to debug problems that happens after 50 hours of running on 48 CPUs somewhere deep inside PETSc when the same routine has been called with more or less similar matrices many thousand times before in the simulation without any problems. It would be different if the hang was consistent and happened earlier … SORRY!

## merge_xdmf_timeseries.py - join multiple XDMF files into a single time history¶

When postprocessing a simulation that has been restarted it can be inconvenient in programs such as Paraview that the time steps are spread out over a number of XDMF files. This script merges such XDMF files into one XDMF (and one HDF5) file that contains all the time steps. If restart overlap the latest version of a timestep is written since this will be the one that was used in the further simulation

Example:

$rm merged.*$ python3 merge_xdmf_timeseries.py mysim.xdmf mysim_restarted_*.xdmf merged.xdmf


This will produce merged.xdmf and merged.h5.

The script will not work for aribtrary XDMF files! It probably only works on XDMF files produced by Ocellaris (and probably FEniCS DOLFIN with the same XDMF configuration settings).

## Others¶

These are not used much by me (Tormod Landet) and may hence have bitrotted and could need some work to function as intended. Think of them more as examples to start from if you need something similar, and not finished solutions.

• plot_reports.py - plot Ocellaris time step reports with matplotlib, optionally save a HTML report with the plots embedded in the file.

• plot_memory_usage.py - plot the memory usage for an Ocellaris simulation based on log file data. You must have specified output/show_memory_usage: yes in the input file to have the MAX RSS memory information available

• restart2vtk.py - take one function from an Ocellaris restart h5 file and export it as a true DG field to a *.vtk file. Currently only implemented for scalar DG2 fields, should be easy to extend to other element types. The binary VTK file writer may be buggy, the ASCII writer works.

• slice_to_numpy.py - read a restart file and extract a 2D slice of velocities and pressures which is stored as a numpy array on disk. Assumes that the simulation is 2D (ignores the z direction)

• Various plotting scripts - some use the newer ocellaris_post result file readers, some are from earlier times and implement result file parsers themselves (and should be updated).